Epoxy Mortar Installation

June 19, 2019

Epoxy.com Mortar Systems can be used to make permanent repairs that no other kind of product can make. The purpose of this blog is to give you an overview of what you can use and how to use it.

  1. Product Selection –  The following are a list of Epoxy.com Products that make excellent epoxy mortars  All the products listed below are zero (0) VOC, so it meets even the strictest low VOC requirements, and meets Indoor Environmental Quality/Air Quality (LEED IEQ 4.2 Indoor Emitting Materials Credit). See the individual product component technical data sheets and MSDS for further information.
  2. INSTALLATION:
    • First and foremost is good surface preparation.  Good surface preparation is necessary for most if not all patches to have long term success: www.epoxy.com/surfaceprep.aspx.
    • Prime the bottom of the whole with some of the neat mortar resin. Neat mortar resin is the liquid (A&B) mixed at the proper mix ratio and stirring in a way to insure a completely mixed product.  This will typically take about 3 minutes.
    • Mix some of the neat epoxy into the Epoxy.com Mortar Blend Aggregate #82 or other appropriate dry clean silica sand gradation.
    • The amount of sand aggregate depends on the aggregate used. 
      • Typically, the Epoxy.com Product #82 Mortar aggregate can be added at a rate of 18 to 27 lbs. of #82 per 1.5 Qt of mixed resin (1Quart of A to ½ Quart of B).
      • You will need to recalculate the sand above when using a different sized batch. This is doubly true if using one of or 4:1 mix ratio material.
      • Shallow patches tend to be a smaller amount of sand filler.
      • Deeper patches tend to be on the higher side.
      • If you get a lot of resin to the surface your mix is too wet.  If your mixture after it hardens is porous, or weak then you have added too much aggregate.
      • For a better finish in very deep pours do it in 2 lifts. 
        • Fill all but the last ¼ inch plus or minus with your dryer mix. Allow to cure hard (typically overnight).Fill with a wetter mix on top of that after the first one has cured.
        • To ensure proper adhesion between layers never wait more than 24 hours between layers.
      • It is always better to have your patch slightly higher rather than to low.  If you are slightly high you can grind the patch back to level. If to low you will need to fill again. 
    • For very shallow fills (1/32 or so) where the sand particles are to large you can use any of the following:

As always, when in doubt contact me at Epoxy.com Technical Support with your questions.

norm@epoxy.com
1-352-533-2167


Urethane- High Solids

July 6, 2017

URETHANE COATING/SEALER GLOSS

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442


Description

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 is a two component water- based
aliphatic (non-yellowing) polyurethane. Product #442 is free of the
health and environmental problems normally found in solvent-based
urethanes, while maintaining excellent performance properties. Product
#442 is also available in an ESD formulation which must be applied over
a base coat of Epoxy.com Conductive Epoxy.

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 polyurethane provides a gloss finish. Product
#442 has good chemical, stain, and mar resistance. In addition, it’s easy to clean
and has excellent color retention under heavy foot traffic.

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 is a high performance coating
for use in a variety of seamless floor and wall coating systems. Product
#442 eliminates the strong solvent odor normally associated with high
performance materials. It’s ideal for topcoats and finishes that require
high abrasion resistance. Typical application areas are clean rooms,
hospitals, pharmaceutical facilities, stained concrete, wood floors, and
as a seal coat for most Epoxy.com floor and wall
coating systems.

ADVANTAGES

  • Low VOC
  • Low Odor
  • Fast Cure
  • Excellent Adhesion
  • Excellent Abrasion Resistance

CONSIDERATIONS

  • Allow material to rest for 15-20 minutes for viscosity adjustment.
  • Application rate is no less than 250-275 square feet per gallon. Thicker films will
    show bubbling in the cured film.

COMPOSITION

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 is a polyester resin/aliphatic polyisocyanate.

COLOR SELECTION

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 is available in clear and pigmented colors. Gloss finish.
ESD formulation available in clear or pigmented.

APPLICATION

SURFACE PREPARATION

Surface Preparation is the most critical portion of any successful resinous flooring
system application. All substrates must be properly prepared as outlined in Epoxy.com
Surface Preparation Procedures..

MIXING INSTRUCTIONS

  • Mix only that amount of material that can be used in a two hour period. In hot weather,
    plan work for the cooler times of the day.
  • If using less than full units, proportion the amounts carefully and mix for 2-3
    minutes using a low speed drill, scraping the bottom and sides of the mixing vessel.
    DO NOT ADD WATER.

APPLICATION

  • Apply Product #442 polyurethane at a spread rate of 275-300 square feet per gallon
    to achieve 2.0-2.5 mils dry. Thicker application may result in bubbling in the cured
    film.
  • Recoat time is approximately 10 hours at 77°F.
  • Keep a wet edge at all times.
  • Apply Product #442 ESD at a spread rate of 160 square feet per gallon to achieve
    5 mils dry.
  • Use with adequate ventilation.
  • Read material safety data sheet before using.

TECHNICAL DATA

Mixing Ratio  Clear 4 Parts A to 1 Part B by Volume
Solids Content  Clear 43%, by Volume
Volatile Organic Content (VOC) 0.10 pounds/gallon
Pot Life 1 ½  – 2 hrs. @ 77°F, 1 Quart45 minutes @ 95°F, 1 Quart
Viscosity After 15 Minutes @ 77°F 500-600 cps.
Viscosity After 30 Minutes @ 77°F 600 cps.

Wait 15-20 minutes after mixing to start application. Viscosity will decrease with time.

DO NOT ADD WATER.

PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES

Gloss, 60˚ – Clear Gloss Finish
Tabor Abrasion,

1,000 gm. load,

1,000 cycles,

CS-17 Wheel

45 mg. loss
Impact Strength
ASTM-D-2794
Direct 160 in. lbs.

Reverse 160 in. lbs.

DRY TIME @ 77°F, 50% R.H.

Dry to Touch 6 hours
Recoat 10 hours
Light Traffic 16-24 hours
Full Cure 4-5 days

MAINTENANCE

After completing the application of EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 Urethane Coating/Sealer, the installer should provide the owner with maintenance instructions.
EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 is easily cleaned with neutral soaps or detergents.

More Information

For more information visit http://www.epoxy.com, email me at norm@epoxy.com or contact Epoxy.com Technical Support Department at 352-533-2167


Epoxy Injection of Structures Part 3

February 24, 2017

This is the third in a series on Infrastructure Repairs Using Epoxy. Part One is  Introduction to Epoxy Injection.  Part 2 is Crack Analysis Before Epoxy Injection

If your have not read that yet you may want to go back and read it before you proceed with reading this.

Port Setting

It is extremely important that if drilling to use the right tool. to set drill type ports use a vacuum swivel drill. That is a drill with vacuum attached swivel drill chuck and hollow a drill bit.

Concrete dust can be detrimental to the injection processes in several ways. Any dust remaining in the drill hole near a crack can combine with the very low viscosity injection resin. This thickens your resin turning it into a weak paste. This paste can slow or even block the resin flow. Drilling very tight crack with a solid drill forces dust into the crack. This seals the crack from resin flow. Do not allow shortcuts in the drilling procedures!  However, for most applications the surface port is the easiest and most effective method.Epoxy Injection Surface Port

Port Spacing

Determining the spacing of ports is done by a highly experience applicator. This spacing is a factor of the tightness of the crack and the depth of the concrete substrate. Spacing is normally between four (4) and eight (8) inches.

Port Setting and Sealing

Align ports directly over cracks. That allows injection resin to flow into the crack. Seal surface cracks. Sealing the exterior of cracks is done with Epoxy Gel type Bonder.

Testing The System

Test cracks that are ill defined, or if dust or debris is in the crack. This testing may be done by injecting water into the crack area.

Water left in the cracks will not effect the injection process or the curing of the Epoxy.com Injection Resin. Heavier injection resin forces the water out the cracks. Water injection helps clean the cracked areas. More important, is that it helps avoid the unexpected. This process of flushing the cracks is commonly skipped by more experience contractors, who can tell if there will be a flow of resin, by just looking at them. However, when in doubt water testing is a must.

If the cracks contain algae, chlorinated water containing copper sulfate is injected. After pumping this mixture is left over night. The next morning the crack is flushed by pumping fresh water, into it. This flushes it out before resin injection begins.

Efflorescence builds up on the bottom of a crack in a horizontal slab. Water in the crack extracting soluble calcium hydroxide is the cause. The water evaporates at the surface leaving the lime, which later reacts with the carbon dioxide in the air to form limestone. The inside of the crack, is frequently free of limestone and making it suitable for injection.

Part 4 of this series: Injection Resin Materials Product Selection.

For more information visit our website at http://www.epoxy.com, email us at info@epoxy.com or call our technical service department at +1 (352) 533-2167.

 


Secondary Chemical Containment

February 7, 2017

You can easily build containment in the middle of an existing slab

Building a secondary containment structure in the middle of an existing facility is very common and effective way to protect the facility structurally as well as protect the environment.  It is very easy to do.  Here is how:

  1. Grind the area where the curb will go to bare concrete – www.epoxy.com/surfaceprep.aspx.
  2. Drill holes into the concrete and fasten #4 bar into the concrete with Epoxy.com Product #2006 – www.epoxy.com/2006.aspx – Gel Adhesive. Allow Epoxy to cure overnight.
  3. Form the area to receive concrete curb.
  4. Coat the floor area in the bottom of the forms to receive the concrete for the curb with Epoxy.com Product #2007 – https://www.epoxy.com/Epoxy_Fresh_Concrete_to_Hardened_Concrete_2007.aspx – Wet to dry concrete adhesive. Pour your concrete before the #2007 becomes tack free. That will make it as if the curb and the concrete floor had been poured at the same time.
    1. An alternate method to this is to install concrete brick around the area bonding in place with Product #2006. This will help to reduce waiting for the concrete to cure if you use the poured concrete method above.
  5. Allow the concrete to cure – www.epoxy.comsurfaceprep.aspx.
  6. Cove the inside of the containment curb with Epoxy.com Product #720 – https://www.epoxy.com/720.aspx – coving resin allow to cure overnight.
  7. Prime the inside of the containment area with Epoxy.com Product #12– www.epoxy.com/12.aspx  – Chemical Resistant Primer, and allow to cure overnight.
  8. Install 2 coats of Epoxy.com Product #633 – www.epoxy.com/633.aspx – Chemical Resistant Novolac Epoxy Coating.

Summary

Doing an effective job of building secondary is easier than you may think. For more information visit our website at http://www.epoxy.com, call our technical support department at 352-533-2167 or email us at info@epoxy.com.


Epoxy Installation Instructions

January 5, 2017

How to Install Epoxy.com Resin Systems


INSTALLING EPOXY RESIN SYSTEMS

Proper mixing and installation is critical to the best success of all epoxy products.  This page is to help you find the right installation information that you need to install Epoxy Resin Systems.

Surface Preparation for Epoxy Resin Installation

All quality installation start with quality surface preparationThis guide will help you to know how to properly prepare your substrate for installation of Epoxy or any other high quality resin system. Improper surface preparation could turn what seems to be a simple process into a lengthy, difficult repair.

Do and Don’t do with epoxy.

These guides will help you to not make the common mistakes that people do and the things the people don’t do that can lead to a problem or even a failure of your epoxy resin installation.

Job Supplies Required to Install Epoxy Resin Systems

This list is  a suggested list of the materials that you will need for most typical epoxy coating systems. This list is also useful for installing roller applied coating systems like Epoxy.com Chip Flooring.

Epoxy Installation Guides

Epoxy Chip Flooring System
Installation Guide

Epoxy Chip Flooring Installation Guide. Floors have a special role to play in interior design. The heavy technical demands made on floors often make the use of certain decorative products simply impossible. The use of color chips can change all that! Color chips are increasingly being used in combination with “wet” products such as Product #315 Seamless Polymeric Multi-Colored Flake Chip Floor Resurfacing System to create decorative floors with more to offer than other ornamental products…Quality! This installation guide takes you step by step through the installation of Epoxy Chip Flooring Product #315.

Product #1 High Build Epoxy Coating 21-27 mils – All Purpose Epoxy Floor Coating Installation Guide.

Product #1 All Purpose High Build Epoxy Floor Coating a two component, zero (0) VOC, 100% solids epoxy Hi-Build epoxy coating used for high foot traffic and light to moderate forklift traffic areas where abrasion resistance is required; for protection against mild corrosion and as a decorative waterproof coating for walls, floors, tanks, etc. Installation Guide For All Purpose High Build Epoxy Floor Coating #1.

1ESD / Conductive – Electrostatic Dissipative Epoxy Floor Coating Installation Guide

Conductive Epoxy Floor Coating Installation Guide –  Product #1ESD Epoxy Coating System consists of Product #899 Epoxy Primer followed with one finish coat of Product #1ESD/Conductive Epoxy Coating. Product #1ESD/Conductive is available in pigmented finish only. Product #1ESD Epoxy Coating System will test in the �ESD� range, between 1,000,000 and 1,000,000,000 ohms electrical resistance when Product #1ESD/Conductive is applied over a non-conductive primer (or non-conductive bodycoat), and produces a 12-15 mil thick ESD floor coating system. This guide will take tell you how to install the Conduct Epoxy Floor Coating.

Product  #2 High Chemical Resistance Epoxy Floor Coating Installation Guide

Chemical Resistant Epoxy Coating Product #2 is a two component, 100% solids, Zero “0” VOC epoxy chemical resistant coating used to protect chemical concrete, steel and other structural materials from non-oxidizing acids and alkalines for both interior and exterior applications.This guide will take take you through the steps to
install the Conduct Epoxy Floor Coating.

Product #15 Chemical Resistant Epoxy Quartz Flooring

Product #15 Chemical Resistant Quartz Flooring Installation – Single Broadcast Installation Method

Product #633 Novolac Highly Chemical Resistant Novolac Epoxy Floor Coating Installation Guide

Product #633 Novolac Epoxy Chemical Resistant Epoxy Coating is a 100% solids epoxy Novolac coating ideal for harsh chemical and solvent resistant applications. Product #633 Novolac Epoxy Chemical Resistant Epoxy Coating is used in secondary containment, solvent storage, pump pads, trenches, and other high exposure areas. This Installation Guide will help you install Product #633 Novolac Epoxy Chemical Resistant Epoxy Coating. You can also find more information with pictures about installation on this page the Epoxy.com Blog.

Epoxy Injection Installation

Epoxy Injection – This Guide will take you through the basics of doing epoxy injection.  Epoxy injection is one of the most economical, to make a structural repair and waterproofing in cracked concrete.

Additional Installation Guides

These are just a few or our most popular products for additional products and guides pleas contact us at:

 For more information visit our website at: www.epoxy.com , call technical support at 352-533-2167 or email us at info@epoxy.com.


Cold Temperature Epoxy

November 18, 2016

Installing Epoxy in Coolers and Cold Temperature

Extend Epoxy Installation Season into Winter

I have spoken on this subject here before but this time of year I get a lot of calls and emails about installing epoxy in cold temperatures. Our company started out as an installation company in Vermont. Summers are very short and winters are very long in Vermont. To stay a viable company, we had to figure ways of working through the winter.

Tenting and heating areas during the winter is time consuming and expensive. The solution is found in resin products that will set in low temperatures. The most durable and cost effective options of installation at cold temperatures is Epoxy and Methyl Methacrylate.

Cold Temperature Cure Resins can also be used as a super-fast setting Resinous Mortar or Coating at normal temperatures. Our Cold Temperature Cure Resins used at normal temperature give you quick turnaround time for small jobs, or larger jobs that require a short turn-around time.

Cold Temperatures Epoxies

Cold Temperature Cure Epoxy Resins allow installation to be done at low temperatures as low as 35°F., (although it sets a lot faster at 40°F) expanding your epoxy coating and epoxy flooring installation season. Epoxy.com Cold Temperature Cure Epoxy Resins can also be used in cold storage areas like food processing areas, where the temperature cannot be raised higher than 35° F or so. Normal cured epoxy typically requires 50°F or more.

Depending on how you mix the aggregate into the products below, they can be used as a mortar for overlays, or a grout for sealing between other hardened construction materials.

Commonly Used Cold Temperature epoxies

Product #1 Cold Temperature Cure Epoxy Coating is 100% solids and specially formulated coatings for cold temperature applications. Cold Temperature Epoxy Coating #1 is able to cure at temperatures as low as 35°F. It is has Zero (0) VOCs. Since it has no VOCs, it has no solvent so it meets the strictest possible standard for a low VOC coating. It is often used in coolers and food preparation areas that require constant low temperatures. Product #1 Cold Temperature Cure Epoxy Coating is also frequently used in room temperature applications to meet super-fast cure, limited shutdown needs.

Product #10 Cold Temperature Curing Epoxy Mortar Resin – This product has a low modulus of elasticity (flexibility) and is Low Viscosity. The low viscosity allows heavy loading of the right fillers. The heavy filler loading helps not only to save money, but helps to maintain better thermal coefficient with respect to concrete and steel. The low modulus of elasticity prevents it from being brittle making it less vulnerable to thermal coefficient differences. It also gives it better impact resistance.

You can find more information on cold temperature cured epoxy at: http://www.epoxy.com/EpoxyColdCured.aspx.

Please send me your questions to me by email to norm@epoxy.com


Chemical Resistant Epoxy Selection

October 20, 2016

Requirements for a Chemical Resistant Epoxy or Vinyl Ester


Our Epoxy and Vinyl Ester product lines has extensive uses in Chemical Containment
and Chemical Resistance projects. The kind of product and systems we recommend are
based on a number of factors.  First we need to know exactly what you are doing:

  1. Are you patching concrete that has been damaged already? If so what is the extent
    of the damage?
  2. Do you need a secondary containment coating? If so what kind of traffic (if any)
    will this area see? Many of our systems will handle very heavy traffic.
  3. Are there any cracks that need repairing? If so how many lineal feet of cracks
    are there, what is the average depth and what is the average width. Repairing the cracks
    is the first step in making your project water and chemical tight.
  4. Are you looking to grout tile? We have chemically resistant Epoxy Tile Grout that
    has excellent chemical resistance.
  5. Is there any petroleum oil saturated concrete in the area. If so we have a product
    for that too.
  6. Is there any moisture vapor that is being transmitted through the floor?  We
    have solutions for that so please bring that to our attention when you contact us.
  7. Is this in an area where Static Disruptive or Conductive materials are needed (typically
    only in an explosive environment or where delicate electronics must be protected
    from static discharge).
  8. Total square footage of area requiring Chemical
    Resistant Epoxy or Vinyl Ester.

Then we will need to know some specifics about the chemical you are trying to protect
against:

  1. What is the specific chemical (or chemicals) that you are trying to resist against?
  2. What is the specific concentration of the chemical (or chemicals)?
  3. What is the duration of the exposure, before it will be cleaned up (if ever)?
  4. Is the exposure at an elevated temperature? If so what is that temperature, and
    how long will the chemicals be at this elevated temperature

If you have this information when you contact us, we can quickly help you to decide
what chemical resistant system is best and most economical for you.

Here is some additional reading that might interest you.

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For more information contact Epoxy.com Technical Support at info@epoxy.com or by calling us at 352-533-2167.


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