Patching Floor with Epoxy

July 18, 2017

Here is an outline of the procedure for patching with Epoxy.com Product #1 and Product #10.  Cold cure is identical but you should make even smaller batches and work even faster.

  1. Mix a small amount of the #10 (mix ratio 2A: 1B).
    1. Measure accurately and mix for 3 minutes with a proper size mixer.
    2. Typically very small batches less than a quart can be mixed with a stir stick.
    3. Larger batches should use a mixing paddle in a low speed drill or similar. Typically  mixing paddles are 5 inches or more in diameter.
  2. Apply a primer coat of #10 at a rate of 250-300 SF per gallon (typically done with a roller) to the substrate the mortar is to be attached to.
    1. Typically you will allow this to harden to the touch to make troweling into it easy.
    2. You can trowel into the wet primer in the case of small patches.
  3. Mortar Patch
    1. Mix another small batch of #10, using the methods in step 1 above.
    2. Add Product #82 Mortar Blend Aggregate to the mixed resin in 3a. You can add as much as 50 to 75 lbs. of mortar blend aggregate to a gallon of mixed #10 resin. If the material appears to wet you can add more, if it is too dry add less.
    3. Quickly trowel the patch into place.  Winter Cure Epoxy can set very fast in the bucket.
  4. Sealer Coat
    1. After the patch in step 3 has hardened, you can grind off any high spots and fill more material again if needed.
    2. Then seal the top of the patch.
  1. Product #10 is thinner than the #1, making it an excellent sealer for sealing up the patch.
  2. Alternately you can go directly to a very thin coat of #1
  1. Top Coat
    1. Mix small batches of #1 using the methods used in #1 above.
    2. Mix optional Antiskid fine into the coating above at a rate of 8-16 volume ounces of Anti-skid per gallon of mixed resin.  12 ounces per gallon is typical.  This is done by mixing the resin first, adding the anti-skid and mixing for another min.
    3. Quickly apply the material with a roller at a rate of 160-200 SF per gallon per coat.  Two coats is recommended.
  2. Please read all the information below before starting your project.
  1. Do with Epoxies
  2. Don’ts with Epoxies
  3. Surface Preparation
  4. www.epoxy.com/10.aspx
  5. http://epoxy.com/1cold.htm
  6. SDS Product #10 Part A – Hardener Lo-Mod Epoxy Adhesive and Mortar Epoxy Resin
  7. SDS Product #10 Part Cold Cure B – Lo-Mod Epoxy Adhesive and Mortar Epoxy Hardener
  8. SDS Product #1A – All Purpose Coating Hardener Component MSDS.
  9. SDS Product #1B -cc – Cold Cure Epoxy Hardener for Product #1

 

BE SURE TO CALL ME WITH ANY QUESTIONS OR CONCERNS!

 


Urethane- High Solids

July 6, 2017

URETHANE COATING/SEALER GLOSS

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442


Description

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 is a two component water- based
aliphatic (non-yellowing) polyurethane. Product #442 is free of the
health and environmental problems normally found in solvent-based
urethanes, while maintaining excellent performance properties. Product
#442 is also available in an ESD formulation which must be applied over
a base coat of Epoxy.com Conductive Epoxy.

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 polyurethane provides a gloss finish. Product
#442 has good chemical, stain, and mar resistance. In addition, it’s easy to clean
and has excellent color retention under heavy foot traffic.

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 is a high performance coating
for use in a variety of seamless floor and wall coating systems. Product
#442 eliminates the strong solvent odor normally associated with high
performance materials. It’s ideal for topcoats and finishes that require
high abrasion resistance. Typical application areas are clean rooms,
hospitals, pharmaceutical facilities, stained concrete, wood floors, and
as a seal coat for most Epoxy.com floor and wall
coating systems.

ADVANTAGES

  • Low VOC
  • Low Odor
  • Fast Cure
  • Excellent Adhesion
  • Excellent Abrasion Resistance

CONSIDERATIONS

  • Allow material to rest for 15-20 minutes for viscosity adjustment.
  • Application rate is no less than 250-275 square feet per gallon. Thicker films will
    show bubbling in the cured film.

COMPOSITION

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 is a polyester resin/aliphatic polyisocyanate.

COLOR SELECTION

EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 is available in clear and pigmented colors. Gloss finish.
ESD formulation available in clear or pigmented.

APPLICATION

SURFACE PREPARATION

Surface Preparation is the most critical portion of any successful resinous flooring
system application. All substrates must be properly prepared as outlined in Epoxy.com
Surface Preparation Procedures..

MIXING INSTRUCTIONS

  • Mix only that amount of material that can be used in a two hour period. In hot weather,
    plan work for the cooler times of the day.
  • If using less than full units, proportion the amounts carefully and mix for 2-3
    minutes using a low speed drill, scraping the bottom and sides of the mixing vessel.
    DO NOT ADD WATER.

APPLICATION

  • Apply Product #442 polyurethane at a spread rate of 275-300 square feet per gallon
    to achieve 2.0-2.5 mils dry. Thicker application may result in bubbling in the cured
    film.
  • Recoat time is approximately 10 hours at 77°F.
  • Keep a wet edge at all times.
  • Apply Product #442 ESD at a spread rate of 160 square feet per gallon to achieve
    5 mils dry.
  • Use with adequate ventilation.
  • Read material safety data sheet before using.

TECHNICAL DATA

Mixing Ratio  Clear 4 Parts A to 1 Part B by Volume
Solids Content  Clear 43%, by Volume
Volatile Organic Content (VOC) 0.10 pounds/gallon
Pot Life 1 ½  – 2 hrs. @ 77°F, 1 Quart45 minutes @ 95°F, 1 Quart
Viscosity After 15 Minutes @ 77°F 500-600 cps.
Viscosity After 30 Minutes @ 77°F 600 cps.

Wait 15-20 minutes after mixing to start application. Viscosity will decrease with time.

DO NOT ADD WATER.

PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES

Gloss, 60˚ – Clear Gloss Finish
Tabor Abrasion,

1,000 gm. load,

1,000 cycles,

CS-17 Wheel

45 mg. loss
Impact Strength
ASTM-D-2794
Direct 160 in. lbs.

Reverse 160 in. lbs.

DRY TIME @ 77°F, 50% R.H.

Dry to Touch 6 hours
Recoat 10 hours
Light Traffic 16-24 hours
Full Cure 4-5 days

MAINTENANCE

After completing the application of EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 Urethane Coating/Sealer, the installer should provide the owner with maintenance instructions.
EPOXY.COM PRODUCT #442 is easily cleaned with neutral soaps or detergents.

More Information

For more information visit http://www.epoxy.com, email me at norm@epoxy.com or contact Epoxy.com Technical Support Department at 352-533-2167


Existing Epoxy Seamless Floor Repair

June 29, 2017

Epoxy.com Materials have nearly 40 years of history with their seamless flooring products.  These high quality products seldom have to be repaired.  There have been a few times with Epoxy.com Products where the floor has been damaged in a fire, or a piece of equipment has been moved exposing an area that had not been done before.

IMG_1895

Picture of a Terrazzo Floor patched with an accent color.

The most difficult thing to do in repairing existing seamless floor is matching the color. The solution to this problem is a simple one: don’t try to match it, try to accent it.  Do this in a way that it looks like it is part of a design. This adds aesthetic appeal while creating an easy solution to the color matching issue.

Are you going to add additional seamless flooring next to the flooring to be patched?  If so use the accent color for the new area of flooring. That helps to tie all the colors back together.

For a complete list of seamless flooring epoxies please visit – www.epoxy.com. You can also email us, or call Epoxy.com  Technical Support Department at 352-533-2167.


Epoxy Stone

April 28, 2017

Epoxy Stone Bonding Adhesive

Epoxy Bonding Stone Together

For Overlays on Patios, Walkways and Landscaping

Epoxy.com Product #17 -100% Solids Epoxy Adhesive


GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays is a two component, 100% solids high-mod epoxy adhesive used for bonding stone and other aggregates in all types of flooring applications. Some uses of Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays would include patios, pool decks, walkways and other areas where a long wearing and decorative system is desired.

Epoxy Stone Overlays

Product #17 Epoxy Stone Overlays give you the beauty of a natural looking shinny stone, without the hassle of the stone needing the constant attention of loose stone. Water actually passes through the system. The #17 Epoxy Adhesive and stone give you a carpet of stone that allows the water to run down away from your feet.

See more about Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays on our blog.

ADVANTAGES

  • High luster finish
  • Excellent freeze-thaw stability
  • Outstanding chemical and weathering resistance.

SURFACE PREPARATION

Surface to receive Epoxy.com Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays must be clean and sound. Remove all dirt, laitance, grease curing compounds and other foreign matter by sandblasting, mechanical abrasion, or acid etching. Remove water and dust from all surfaces with an oil-free blast immediately prior to application.

MIXING & APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS

Temperature of Epoxy.com Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays must be 50° F or above at time of mixing. Stir each component separately before blending. Mix two parts by volume of Part A with one part by volume of Part B for three minutes with a low speed electric drill motor equipped with a mixing paddle. Add mixed Epoxy.com Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays to desired aggregate in a concrete mixer and tumble until wet before removing. Spread onto area with a rake and trowel to produce a smooth surface.

Installation Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays typically uses the #17 Epoxy Stone Adhesive, and clean hard dry stone. A 3 gallon unit of Product #17 will typically mix with about 400 lbs. of stone.

Maintenance

Product #15 Chemical Resistant Epoxy Floor Resurfacing System is typically used for resealing epoxy bonded stone, because it oxidizes much slower than other epoxies, and usually last much longer than other epoxies used for reglazing epoxied stone pebbles.

COVERAGE

For coverage see Epoxy.com Stone Overlay Calculator.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause eye and skin irritation. If contact occurs, wash immediately and seek medical help. Use safety glasses with side shields and wear protective rubber gloves.

CLEANING

All tools and equipment should be cleaned before the system gels. Use MEK, Acetone, or any lacquer solvent.

APPLICATION PROPERTIES @77°F

Mix Ratio 2:1 By Volume
Viscosity (mixed – ASTM D-2393) 2000-3000 cps
Gel Time (ASTM C-881) 25-30 minutes
Tack Free to Touch 7-10 hours
Initial Cure 24 Hours (75% strength)
Final Cure 7 Days
Packaging (unit size) 5 gal., drums
Standard Colors clear amber
Tensile Elongation % (ASTM D-638) 20-30
Bond Strength (ASTM D-1002) 2400 psi
Hardness Shore D (ASTM D-2240) 75-80
Proper mixing and installation is critical to the optimal success of all product.  See Installation Tips, Techdata, & MSDS for more details on our products.  Be sure to contact us with any questions and/or concerns that you have.

For more information please contact:

Epoxy.com
A Division of Epoxy Systems, Inc
20774 W. Pennsylvania Ave.
Dunnellon, Florida 34431
Hundreds of Systems,
Since 1980 – 35 years
Florida & Vermont
USA


Epoxy Injection of Structures Part 3

February 24, 2017

This is the third in a series on Infrastructure Repairs Using Epoxy. Part One is  Introduction to Epoxy Injection.  Part 2 is Crack Analysis Before Epoxy Injection

If your have not read that yet you may want to go back and read it before you proceed with reading this.

Port Setting

It is extremely important that if drilling to use the right tool. to set drill type ports use a vacuum swivel drill. That is a drill with vacuum attached swivel drill chuck and hollow a drill bit.

Concrete dust can be detrimental to the injection processes in several ways. Any dust remaining in the drill hole near a crack can combine with the very low viscosity injection resin. This thickens your resin turning it into a weak paste. This paste can slow or even block the resin flow. Drilling very tight crack with a solid drill forces dust into the crack. This seals the crack from resin flow. Do not allow shortcuts in the drilling procedures!  However, for most applications the surface port is the easiest and most effective method.Epoxy Injection Surface Port

Port Spacing

Determining the spacing of ports is done by a highly experience applicator. This spacing is a factor of the tightness of the crack and the depth of the concrete substrate. Spacing is normally between four (4) and eight (8) inches.

Port Setting and Sealing

Align ports directly over cracks. That allows injection resin to flow into the crack. Seal surface cracks. Sealing the exterior of cracks is done with Epoxy Gel type Bonder.

Testing The System

Test cracks that are ill defined, or if dust or debris is in the crack. This testing may be done by injecting water into the crack area.

Water left in the cracks will not effect the injection process or the curing of the Epoxy.com Injection Resin. Heavier injection resin forces the water out the cracks. Water injection helps clean the cracked areas. More important, is that it helps avoid the unexpected. This process of flushing the cracks is commonly skipped by more experience contractors, who can tell if there will be a flow of resin, by just looking at them. However, when in doubt water testing is a must.

If the cracks contain algae, chlorinated water containing copper sulfate is injected. After pumping this mixture is left over night. The next morning the crack is flushed by pumping fresh water, into it. This flushes it out before resin injection begins.

Efflorescence builds up on the bottom of a crack in a horizontal slab. Water in the crack extracting soluble calcium hydroxide is the cause. The water evaporates at the surface leaving the lime, which later reacts with the carbon dioxide in the air to form limestone. The inside of the crack, is frequently free of limestone and making it suitable for injection.

Part 4 of this series: Injection Resin Materials Product Selection.

For more information visit our website at http://www.epoxy.com, email us at info@epoxy.com or call our technical service department at +1 (352) 533-2167.

 


Epoxy Injection of Structures Part 2

February 14, 2017

Infrastructure Repairs Using Epoxy

Epoxy Concrete Injection Epoxy Wood Injection, epoxy crack repair

Epoxy Structural Concrete and Wood Repair / Waterproofing

The following article is written with enough information about resin injection systems to help protect the Owner from the misuse or improper installation of an injection systems.   For more information contact me: Norm Lambert.

This is the second in a series on Infrastructure Repairs Using Epoxy. Part One was Introduction to Epoxy Injection.  If your have not read that yet you may want to go back and read it before you proceed with reading this.

Part 2: Crack Analysis Before Epoxy Injection

As with all repair and rehabilitation of concrete, the initial job analysis is by far the most important step. Epoxy Injection Resin will weld concrete cracks but, of course, will not repair the cause of the cracking.

Analyze each potential injection application to determine the exact cause or causes of the cracking. Correcting the cracking problem can be fairly simple, or may be difficult involving design changes.

Consult a structural engineer when design changes are necessary. Do this before starting the injection. Repairing cracks by Injection is effective after these design changes. Prevent future cracks by fixing the original cause of the cracking, when ever possible.

Parking garages are an example of cracking problem that require a structural engineering analysis.Epoxy.com Epoxy Inection Often inadequate design for expansion/contraction is the cause for parking garage structural cracking. Avoid weld injecting a crack if there are not enough expansion joints. Sometimes flexible overlays such as Epoxy.com System # 495 can be used to overcome this defect. This does not however encapsulate the rebar in a way that will totally stop the premature deterioration of the steel. Often times additional joints are needed, thus the analysis of cracking problems is critical.

Bridge decks and slab on grades can often be repaired with Epoxy.com Product #684LV crack healer and sealer and save some of the cost of doing epoxy injection.

Next in the Injection Series:

Part 3: Setting Epoxy Injection Ports

For more information visit our website at http://www.epoxy.com, email us at info@epoxy.com or call our technical service department at +1 (352) 533-2167.


Epoxy Injection of Structures

February 10, 2017

Infrastructure Repairs Using Epoxy

Epoxy Concrete Injection Epoxy Wood Injection, epoxy crack repair

Epoxy Structural Concrete and Wood Repair / Waterproofing

The following article is written with enough information about resin injection systems to help protect the Owner from the misuse or improper installation of an injection systems.   For more information contact me: Norm Lambert.

Part 1: Introduction to Epoxy Injection

Epoxy Concrete Injection Epoxy Wood Injection, epoxy crack repair

One of the most versatile, problem solving products available in epoxy systems today is Epoxy Injection Resin. Epoxy.com Epoxy Injection of a bridge abutmentStructural restoration of concrete by epoxy injection is very often the only alternative to complete replacement. It therefore results in large cost savings. Injection protects the rebar and stops water leakage.

Epoxy injection of concrete cracks has been used for decades. When properly installed it is still working as well as it did right after it was installed.

Epoxy Injection Resin is a system for welding cracks back together. This welding restores the original strength and loading originally designed into the concrete. Epoxy injection restores the structural qualities the concrete design intended. In other words under most conditions it makes the concrete as good as new. It creates an impervious seal to air, water, chemicals, debris, and other contamination.

Other waterproofing injection systems like urethane resin will seal the crack from water but will not repair the the member structurally.  That makes the structure member vulnerable to additional structural decay. This structural advantage that an epoxy injection repair gives, makes it the best choice for most situations. Epoxy or Urethane Injection discusses when to use epoxy and when to use urethane.

A crack, obviously, is a sign of failure caused by stresses, inadequate design, improper curing, etc. One of the dangers of a structural crack is the effect that it has on the reinforcing bar. The reinforcing represents one of the main structural values of the concrete.

Cracks left unprepared allow moisture, road salts and other contaminants to penetrate and attack the rebar. The rebar deteriorates, losing the structuEpoxy Injection of concreteral value. Loosing the entire structure is often the result.

Epoxy injection resin has two purposes. First, it effectively seals the crack to prevent the damaging moisture entry. Secondly, it monolithically welds the structure together. Most people assume that this welding of the structure is the most important result of the repair. Actually what is most important is the sealing.

The sealing properties of the injection prevents premature deterioration of the reinforcing. This can be of equal, or in some cases greater importance than the structural welding. It would theoretically always be desirable to get this welding effect.

Next in The Epoxy Injection Series:

Injection Part 2 – Crack Analysis

For more information visit our website at http://www.epoxy.com, email us at info@epoxy.com or call our technical service department at +1 (352) 533-2167.


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