Epoxy Stone

April 28, 2017

Epoxy Stone Bonding Adhesive

Epoxy Bonding Stone Together

For Overlays on Patios, Walkways and Landscaping

Epoxy.com Product #17 -100% Solids Epoxy Adhesive


GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays is a two component, 100% solids high-mod epoxy adhesive used for bonding stone and other aggregates in all types of flooring applications. Some uses of Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays would include patios, pool decks, walkways and other areas where a long wearing and decorative system is desired.

Epoxy Stone Overlays

Product #17 Epoxy Stone Overlays give you the beauty of a natural looking shinny stone, without the hassle of the stone needing the constant attention of loose stone. Water actually passes through the system. The #17 Epoxy Adhesive and stone give you a carpet of stone that allows the water to run down away from your feet.

See more about Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays on our blog.

ADVANTAGES

  • High luster finish
  • Excellent freeze-thaw stability
  • Outstanding chemical and weathering resistance.

SURFACE PREPARATION

Surface to receive Epoxy.com Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays must be clean and sound. Remove all dirt, laitance, grease curing compounds and other foreign matter by sandblasting, mechanical abrasion, or acid etching. Remove water and dust from all surfaces with an oil-free blast immediately prior to application.

MIXING & APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS

Temperature of Epoxy.com Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays must be 50° F or above at time of mixing. Stir each component separately before blending. Mix two parts by volume of Part A with one part by volume of Part B for three minutes with a low speed electric drill motor equipped with a mixing paddle. Add mixed Epoxy.com Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays to desired aggregate in a concrete mixer and tumble until wet before removing. Spread onto area with a rake and trowel to produce a smooth surface.

Installation Product #17 Epoxy Adhesive for Bonding Stone Overlays typically uses the #17 Epoxy Stone Adhesive, and clean hard dry stone. A 3 gallon unit of Product #17 will typically mix with about 400 lbs. of stone.

Maintenance

Product #15 Chemical Resistant Epoxy Floor Resurfacing System is typically used for resealing epoxy bonded stone, because it oxidizes much slower than other epoxies, and usually last much longer than other epoxies used for reglazing epoxied stone pebbles.

COVERAGE

For coverage see Epoxy.com Stone Overlay Calculator.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause eye and skin irritation. If contact occurs, wash immediately and seek medical help. Use safety glasses with side shields and wear protective rubber gloves.

CLEANING

All tools and equipment should be cleaned before the system gels. Use MEK, Acetone, or any lacquer solvent.

APPLICATION PROPERTIES @77°F

Mix Ratio 2:1 By Volume
Viscosity (mixed – ASTM D-2393) 2000-3000 cps
Gel Time (ASTM C-881) 25-30 minutes
Tack Free to Touch 7-10 hours
Initial Cure 24 Hours (75% strength)
Final Cure 7 Days
Packaging (unit size) 5 gal., drums
Standard Colors clear amber
Tensile Elongation % (ASTM D-638) 20-30
Bond Strength (ASTM D-1002) 2400 psi
Hardness Shore D (ASTM D-2240) 75-80
Proper mixing and installation is critical to the optimal success of all product.  See Installation Tips, Techdata, & MSDS for more details on our products.  Be sure to contact us with any questions and/or concerns that you have.

For more information please contact:

Epoxy.com
A Division of Epoxy Systems, Inc
20774 W. Pennsylvania Ave.
Dunnellon, Florida 34431
Hundreds of Systems,
Since 1980 – 35 years
Florida & Vermont
USA


Epoxy River Simulation

November 16, 2016

How to Simulate a River Bed in Epoxy


A customer asks, “I recently saw what looks like a creek bed built out of epoxy with stones in it. How is this done in epoxy?”

Here are the steps to do it:

  1. Choose your stone. The stone that you choose can be uniform in size or a blend of stone sizes and shapes.  If bigger stone is going to be used, it is recommended that you use a blend of larger stone with smaller stone.  Variations in shape will also help to increase the amount of surface area holding the system together, making it stronger. Be sure the stone is clean and completely dry before attempting any of the steps below.
  2. Make a mock-up of the complete system below in a small box made out of plywood or similar material. This will verify everything from stone selection, to aesthetics, to stone durability. It is also gives you a chance to practice your procedure,and get additional phone tech support from us if required before you proceed with your project.
  3. Construct the recessed area that your river will “flow”. That could be a recessed area in a concrete floor, a wooded shadow box or some other “box” to hold your river. Be sure the box is watertight and that the surface is properly prepared before proceeding –www.epoxy.com/surfaceprep.aspx
  4. Prime the area created in step 3 with Epoxy.com Product #12 – www.epoxy.com/12.aspx at a rate of 250-300SF per gallon.  Allow to cure until hard to the touch, typically 6-8 hours
  5. After the Primer in Step 4 is hard to the touch and before 24 hours has passed, apply a coat of Epoxy.com Product #1 – http://www.epoxy.com/1.aspx – 100% solids General Purpose Epoxy Coating to the bottom of the box created in Step 3.  This will help to give you a consistent background color. Black helps give you the illusion of infinite depth.
    1. Optionally you can add a second coat of the #1 Pigmented Epoxy Coating to increase color intensity.
    2. On the other hand if the stone in Step 6 is so deep that you will not be able to see through it you can skip this step and proceed to step 6.
    3. Allow the epoxy in Step 5 to cure hard to the touch before proceeding, typically 10-12 hours.  Do not wait more than 24 hours before moving on to Step 6.
  6. Properly mix Epoxy.com Product #17 – www.epoxy.com/17.aspx – Epoxy Stone Adhesive Part A and Part B. Add your stone into the mixed stone adhesive.  The amount of stone that you will be able to add to it will vary depending on size and how clean the stone is.  100 lbs per 3 quart batch (2 QT “A” and 1 QT “B”) is a good starting point.  This ratio should be verified in a mockup before proceeding to this step. Mix in the stone until a uniform shine can be see on all the stone. Install this mix into your “box” at the desired thickness. Be sure to pack it in tightly and level to the desired surface.  Allow to harden overnight. Do not wait more than 24 hours before moving on to Step 7.
  7. Properly mix and pour Epoxy.com Product #214 – www.epoxy.com/214.aspx – Table Top and Casting Epoxy into the spaces between the rock in step 6. You typically will want to pour a minimum of 1/8 inch or not more than 1/2 inch at a time.  Take care to break any bubbles as you go early and often.  This is typically easy to do using a hair dryer and/or Isopropyl (rubbing alcohol mist). Allow each layer to harden and cool before adding another lift.  Never wait more than 24 hours in between coats and/or pours of epoxy.

When you complete this project it will look like a stone riverbed filled with \ water.  You can also experiment with other objects in your stone mix.  Contact Epoxy.com Technical Support with your questions: info@epoxy.com or 352-533-2167


Choosing Stone for Epoxy Stone

May 5, 2016

Epoxy_Stone_OverlaysBonding stone together with Product #17 – Epoxy Stone Adhesive is attractive and functional. It allows you to have the look of natural rock. This “natural rock” will let water pass through it just like its non-epoxied counterparts. It is however a good choice when you don’t want that stone to be moved, accidentally or on purpose.

This function is so nice that I am seeing projects where larger and larger stone is being utilized for the same reasons (above) as the small stone. There are a few shortcomings that should be avoided when bonding larger stones.

You want to make sure when selecting your stone that it is not too round. Round stone reduces the square inches of surfaces touching each other that are bonded together. That reduces the strength of the material, by reducing the square inches of bonding surface. If angular stone is used (as in the picture above) you increase the surface area touching each other and increase the strength.

If you want larger stones in the mix, I suggest you use a variety of smaller stone to fill in the large gaps between the bigger stone. If you combine a mixed gradation of stone that is also angular (not round) you can get an excellent compromise of strength and large stone beauty.


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