Cold Temperature Epoxy

November 18, 2016

Installing Epoxy in Coolers and Cold Temperature

Extend Epoxy Installation Season into Winter

I have spoken on this subject here before but this time of year I get a lot of calls and emails about installing epoxy in cold temperatures. Our company started out as an installation company in Vermont. Summers are very short and winters are very long in Vermont. To stay a viable company, we had to figure ways of working through the winter.

Tenting and heating areas during the winter is time consuming and expensive. The solution is found in resin products that will set in low temperatures. The most durable and cost effective options of installation at cold temperatures is Epoxy and Methyl Methacrylate.

Cold Temperature Cure Resins can also be used as a super-fast setting Resinous Mortar or Coating at normal temperatures. Our Cold Temperature Cure Resins used at normal temperature give you quick turnaround time for small jobs, or larger jobs that require a short turn-around time.

Cold Temperatures Epoxies

Cold Temperature Cure Epoxy Resins allow installation to be done at low temperatures as low as 35°F., (although it sets a lot faster at 40°F) expanding your epoxy coating and epoxy flooring installation season. Epoxy.com Cold Temperature Cure Epoxy Resins can also be used in cold storage areas like food processing areas, where the temperature cannot be raised higher than 35° F or so. Normal cured epoxy typically requires 50°F or more.

Depending on how you mix the aggregate into the products below, they can be used as a mortar for overlays, or a grout for sealing between other hardened construction materials.

Commonly Used Cold Temperature epoxies

Product #1 Cold Temperature Cure Epoxy Coating is 100% solids and specially formulated coatings for cold temperature applications. Cold Temperature Epoxy Coating #1 is able to cure at temperatures as low as 35°F. It is has Zero (0) VOCs. Since it has no VOCs, it has no solvent so it meets the strictest possible standard for a low VOC coating. It is often used in coolers and food preparation areas that require constant low temperatures. Product #1 Cold Temperature Cure Epoxy Coating is also frequently used in room temperature applications to meet super-fast cure, limited shutdown needs.

Product #10 Cold Temperature Curing Epoxy Mortar Resin – This product has a low modulus of elasticity (flexibility) and is Low Viscosity. The low viscosity allows heavy loading of the right fillers. The heavy filler loading helps not only to save money, but helps to maintain better thermal coefficient with respect to concrete and steel. The low modulus of elasticity prevents it from being brittle making it less vulnerable to thermal coefficient differences. It also gives it better impact resistance.

You can find more information on cold temperature cured epoxy at: http://www.epoxy.com/EpoxyColdCured.aspx.

Please send me your questions to me by email to norm@epoxy.com


Seamless Epoxy Flooring Systems Explained

August 15, 2016

Epoxy.com offers many different types of seamless flooring. We offer so many kinds that sometimes it confuses people. The purpose of this article is to explain the differences, and to help you choose the right epoxy seamless flooring system for your application. In some cases the right seamless flooring system will not even be an epoxy. It may be polyurethane or Methyl Methacrylate (MMA).

Epoxy.com Epoxy Chip Flooring in VT rest area.

Epoxy.com Epoxy Chip Flooring on a VT Interstate Rest Area – Taken over 15 years after installation.

Epoxy Floor Coatings

Epoxy coatings can be effective flooring systems. When choosing epoxy as a flooring system choose a 100% solids (zero VOC, hard durable coating. You also want a coating that is available in multiple colors. These floor coatings can last for decades, so you want to pick a color that you like. Properly installed you will be looking at this floor coating for a very long time. This kind of flooring system is available in the following options:

  1. Epoxy.com Product #1 – www.epoxy.com/1.htm – meets all the criteria above. It has good chemical resistance, and excellent cost to benefit ratio. Great for warehouses, in areas with high traffic and only modest chemical exposure.
  2. Epoxy.com Product #1ESD – www.epoxy.com/1esd.aspx. This is the same as product #1 above but has conductive filler in it. Depending on the primer you use under this system it can be conductive (100,000 – 1,000,000) ohms of resistance or Electro-Static Dissipative (ESD) which is 1,000,000 to 1, 000,000,000 ohms. Used in plants that produce explosive materials like ammunition, fireworks, flairs, or explosive solvents, and used in areas of sensitive electronics, like computer server buildings, avionics, electronics assembly and electronic production areas.
  3. Epoxy.com Product #2 – www.epoxy.com/2.aspx. This is similar to product #1 but with a much higher chemical resistance. This major increase in chemical resistance is offset by only a small increase in the cost of the #2 over the Product #1. The product #2 is well suited for applications like garages, machine shops, sewer tank floors, battery rooms, cooling towers, grooming shops, dog kennels and all areas where an economical chemical resistant coating is required.
  4. Epoxy.com Product #633 – www.epoxy.com/633.aspx – is a highly chemically resistant epoxy floor coating and flooring system. Like Product #1 and Product #2 is extremely durable. Product #633 is typically used in areas where containment of aggressive chemical is imperative. For example Product #633 will hold up to continuous exposure of 98% Sulfuric acid for a period of at least 6 months without loss of structural integrity. Great for secondary containment for a large number of chemicals.

     

All the systems above can go over many different types of substrates with the proper surface preparation. All of the products above are available in 17 colors and can be color matched for an additional cost. The systems above can be combined with various anti-skid materials or broadcast with silica broadcast aggregate to produce a thicker floor.

 

Chip Floor

Epoxy.com Chip Flooring – www.epoxy.com/chips.aspx – is the perfect blend of economy, durability, low maintenance, and gorgeous appearance. It uses a 100% solids pigmented epoxy base coat, a full broadcast of plastic chips, and two coats of chemical resistant clear glaze. The chemical resistant glaze also makes this easily the most non-yellow epoxy top coat available today. This easy to clean chip flooring system is best for high traffic areas where appearance, durability and low cost of ownership is a must. Chip Flooring is great for commercial and residential kitchens, bathrooms, showers, grooming shops, kennels, veterinary clinics, garage floors, show rooms, rest areas, and much more. This product can be installed with an integral cove base. Epoxy.com Chip Flooring can be installed by a contractor but easy enough to be installed by a home owner. Epoxy.com Chip Flooring can be installed in a residence but is rugged enough to be used in the most demanding commercial applications.

Quartz Flooring

Quartz Flooring Product #15 – www.epoxy.com/15.aspx has a long history of being durable, attractive and non-yellowing. I personally installed this product on high school bathroom floors in the mid 70s. These floors have held up to the test of time with little or no wear, little or no loss of shine and little to no yellowing even under the urinals. This is also available with an integral cove base

Solid Colored Flooring

These solid colored floors are based around self leveling, trowelable or double broadcast application techniques. These floors are sometimes called shop floor. They are made to be thick and extra durable under extremely harsh environments. They can be top coated with any of the systems above under coatings. This kind of flooring is available in 3 speeds of cure: normal, fast, and cold cure. Solid colored flooring is also available with an integral cove base.

Methyl Methacrylate (MMA) Flooring

The big advantage of MMA is speed of curing. Each coat of MMA will cure hard to the touch in 1-2 hours. This allows the next layer to be applied quickly and traffic to be returned to it quickly. You can even build a fast setting integral cove out of MMA resin.

I personally installed MMA on many floors with very tight schedules. One restaurant was only closed for breakfast. The project started with rotten plywood floors. At 10 PM the carpenters came in to work. They removed rotten floor and floor joists. They replaced the floor joists and the plywood. At 5 AM we went in with the flooring installation crew.  We primed the floor and sealed up the joints in the wood and the screw holes. At 6:30 AM we laid the floor. At 8 we put a glaze coating on the floor and by 10:30 the restaurant workers were on the floor prepping for lunch. The floor installation from start to traffic took just 5.5 hours.

Polyurethane Decking Systems

Polyurethane Decking – http://www.epoxy.com/elastomeric.aspx – is the system best used in areas where maximum flexibility is necessary. This is typically outdoors, waterproof applications like balconies.

Specialized Flooring

We have a number of systems that are specialized flooring like conductive and ESD (Electrostatic Dissipative) flooring – www.epoxy.com/conductive.aspx – and various hybrid systems. If your project does not seem to fit in the categories above email me at norm@epoxy.com or call us at 352-533-2167.

 

In conclusion we offer many types of seamless flooring systems, they can be used for commercial and residential applications. These systems are durable, economical, and easy to install even by homeowners. These seamless flooring systems may be made out of epoxy, polyurethane, or methyl Methacrylate (MMA). Seamless flooring systems are available in multicolored or solid colored. They range in chemical resistance from very good to resistant to aggressive chemicals. When in doubt what is right for your project send me an email at norm@epoxy.com or give me a call at 352-533-2167.


Selecting the Right Floor for a Mechanical Room

July 27, 2015

Mechanical Room Floors are very unique in their use and conditions. You have to consider the installation environment and the function of the floor. Our Mechanical Room Floor will protect the concrete, and contain any liquids that spill.

Systems used in mechanical rooms should be zero VOC. You do not want solvent evaporating from your material. Evaporated solvent could be picked up by your air handling unit sending it through your building. The best way to prevent this is with a VOC free 100% solids resin system. A resin system that is 100% solids has no solvent (or water) in it. It also means when you spread a gallon of material on your floor after it hardens you still have a gallon of material. With water-based and solvent based materials you lose half the material to evaporation.

Mechanical rooms should be chemical resistant. Typically they are top coated with Epoxy.com Product #2 Chemical Resistant Epoxy – www.epoxy.com/2.aspx. If it is a chemical feed room you can supply a list of chemicals and concentrations to the technical support department so you can make sure the #2 is chemical resistant enough.

The systems used for mechanical rooms are impact resistant. The limiting factor is the strength of the concrete substrate. Properly installed the epoxy will stay bonded to the concrete. The only way the epoxy can chip is if you chip the concrete from underneath the epoxy. You can install a thicker epoxy floor for an additional cost if you think you need still additional protection.

The systems recommend for mechanical rooms are highly abrasion resistant and will easily handle traffic up to heavy fork lift traffic. The system can be made even thicker if you have an unusual amount of abusive traffic.

When the mechanical room is over a finished space, it is suggested that a crack isolation membrane be integrated into the system. This can be done with Product #32 Epoxy Membrane System. The advantage of #32 Epoxy Membrane Resin as part of the system is 100% solids and has zero VOCs.

If the mechanical room is shut down and you can handle solvent and want something still more flexible you can use Epoxy.com Product #459 a two component, high solids, elastomeric urethane instead of or in addition to the Product #32 Epoxy Membrane above. Product #459 exhibits excellent elongation properties along with high tensile strength and tear resistance to make it an ideal crack resistant membrane for use under Product #2 and all of our other epoxy mechanical room floor coatings.

One of the primary reasons you need a mechanical room floor over finished space below is to waterproof it. The above methods accomplish the waterproofing in the center of the floor. The edges of the floor can be protective with a coving material up the wall and around pipe penetrations. That can be accomplished with Product #720 Epoxy Coving Resin System which can be used to install an integral cove base for all of our epoxy based mechanical room flooring and most of our other epoxy flooring and coating systems. This provides seamless wall to floor protection.

For more information on seamless water and chemical resistant mechanical room flooring, contact Epoxy.com Technical Support Department at 352-533-2167, or email me at norm@epoxy.com.

 


New Epoxy Seamless Flooring Calculators

August 15, 2013

Chip Flooring Calculator


A new calculator has been written to give you and estimated list of materials that you will need. All you do is type the number of square feet you want to do and click calculate. You will then have a list of Epoxy.com Materials that you will need to use for your floor. The Epoxy.com Flooring calculater is located at: www.epoxy.com/


Epoxy Coating and Flooring Installation Job Supplies

November 20, 2012

Here is a suggested list of the materials that you will need for most typical epoxy coating systems.  This list is also useful for installing roller applied coating systems like Epoxy.com Chip Flooring.

  • 1 roller pan
  • 6 inserts for roller pan
  • 15 stir sticks
  • 12 (5 QT) plastic pails
  • 3 (5 G) plastic pails
  • Roll of Duct Tape
  • 5 heavy duty 9″ roller frames
  • 6 (3/8″ nap) roller covers *be sure the roller nap doesnot fall apart in hands*
  • Roller handle extension poll
  • 4 Hard Plastic Body Filler type Squeegees
  • Paper 6oz Dixie cups
  • 2 (2 blade) mixing paddles – should be at least 5 inches in diameter and capable of being used in a heavy duty drill
  • Heavy Duty Drill for mixing paddles above
  • 6 (2″) paint brushes  *check bristles to be certain they CAN NOT be pulled out*
  • Latex (or non latex) rubber gloves
  • Vacuum (Shop Vacuum Quality)
  • Stiff Bristled Broom *check to make sure bristles do not fall out*
  • Chalk line or laser to set lines that need to be masked
  • Roll of plastic to keep buckets on to avoid drips onto floor
  • Go Jo Hand cleaner or fast orange for hands and skin

*Note – Epoxy does NOT come out of fabrics*

For more information visit www.epoxy.com.


Epoxy Products used to Repair Plant and Shop Floors

November 7, 2012

Industrial Floor Maintenance with Epoxy

Preventing and Fixing Deteriorating Floor Joints and Potholes

It is said that there are two types of concrete floors, those with cracks and those that are going to crack. Cracks and potholes in plant and shop floors are a major problem to safety and aesthetics. Here we will discuss what causes them. We will also discuss how to repair them quickly and economically. For those floors that have not cracked we will discuss how to minimize or prevent the cracking and potholes.

It is a common misconception that heavy loads on the floors cause most flooring problems, and so it cannot be prevented. If you are building a new plant or shop floor there are steps that will help to prevent most flooring problems. For existing flooring problems we will discuss how to fix the problems and prevent the problems from getting worse.

Causes of Cracking and Potholes in Shop Floors

Most concrete flooring problems are caused by one of the following:

  1. Improper installation of the concrete, or poor concrete
  2. Improperly cut expansion joints
  3. Steel and hard rubber tires eroding unfilled expansion joints, random cracks and potholes
  4. Chemical attack

Proper installation of Concrete in New Plant and Shop Floors

For new construction make sure you specify and get high quality high strength concrete. Create a box-out form around beams, pipes and other penetrations that go through your floor. Be sure that the corner of your box-outs line up with the saw-cut joints that you will be putting in the floor. Penetrations through the concrete cause a “weakened plain”. A weakened plane is typically created at the shortest distance between the box-outs. That is typically from the corner of one boxed out area to the next closest boxed out area.

Do not allow your concrete finisher to over finish your concrete. Concrete finishers tend to over-finish concrete because they are concerned that if they don’t the owner will not like it. Over-finished concrete does look better than properly finished concrete until the over finished starts to deteriorate. The deterioration cause by over finished concrete typically does not take very long to occur.

The best finishing of concrete leaves it flat, but does not bring up the “cream” in the concrete. It will not look as shinny and smooth but concrete that is not over finished will look more attractive and be more functional over time. Bringing up the “cream” in the concrete is done by over working the mix or adding too much water or adding water to the batch. The “cream” consists of dust from the aggregate and Portland cement.

This “cream” creates a great looking finish at first, because it is so weak, it chips easily. This “cream” has too high a water content so you tend to get micro-cracking in the surface. When your concrete finisher is power troweling your concrete and starts splashing water into the surface as he is finishing it he is about to over trowel the concrete and bring up the cream. It is time to get the concrete finisher to stop troweling.

Water curing of the concrete is what most state highway departments require to cure concrete bridge decks. Wet curing is favored over other methods by the US Army Corps of Engineers. Wet curing will help to stop the top of your concrete from drying out too fast. If you cure with a curing compound instead of water, you will need to remove the curing compound to install high quality coatings and sealers.

Proper curing will help to prevent “curling” of the concrete slab, and help to prevent micro-cracking (crazing) of the surface. Curling is caused when the top dries and shrinks before the concrete underneath dries and shrink. This works much like a bimetallic strip used in a thermostat, the concrete will twist upwards or curl. Proper curing helps to prevent concrete curling and the cracking that will result from it. Another major advantage of wet cured concrete that is not over finished is that there is much less surface preparation required when you go to coat or seal it.

Cut expansion joints often enough, wide enough, and deep enough. Typically the best way to cut concrete down to 16 foot by 16 foot squares or even smaller. The larger the spacing between saw cut joints the more likely you are to get a random crack where you do not want it. The concrete should be cut-up as square as possible. Care should be taken that all the saw cut joints line up with each other in a checkerboard pattern. Be sure the cut is at least 1/3 of the way through the slab, and that the cracks are 1/4 inch or wider. That way all the plastic shrinkage (drying) cracking should occur under the saw-cut relief joint.

Using Epoxy to Protect New Plant Shop Floors

Seal or coat the concrete to protect it against wear and chemicals. Epoxy.com Product #223 Water Based Curing Compound, Sealer and Bonding Agent is a two component water based epoxy curing that is used to both cure and seal concrete. Epoxy.com Product #223 www.epoxy.com/223.htm is an excellent choice for installers that want a long pot life product that is easy to use. Epoxy.com Product #223 is an excellent choice as a sealer where waiting 28 days to seal the concrete is not an option. Product #223 can be installed as early as early as 7 days after the concrete is poured. Giving you early protection.

Allow the concrete to dry for 28 days so that most of the shrinkage at the expansion joint has taken place. Clean the crack thoroughly, then install a bond breaker “rope” in the bottom of the joint. Then fill the joints with Epoxy.com Product #11 Saw-Cut Control Joint Fillerwww.epoxy.com/11.htm. Epoxy.com Product #11 Saw-Cut Control Joint Filler is a 100% solids zero (0) VOC, flexible epoxy joint filler for saw-cut joints of concrete slabs on grade, or to repair existing slabs.Random cracks and improperly filled expansion joints are where the potholes in plant/shop floors are born. As steel and hard rubber wheels pass over these unfilled cracks and joints it hammers the edge of the crack in the direction of the travel. This action cause small chips. As the process continues small chips become larger chips. Soon you have a small pot hole and the damage continues to accelerate.

Epoxy.com Product #11 Saw-Cut Control Joint Filler absorbs the impact and shock of heavy loads and steel wheeled traffic, preventing erosion of control joint edges. Epoxy.com Product #11 prevents the “jack-hammer” effect on the joint that you are traveling towards. This will help prevent most if not all of the “pot-hole” effect that most plant floors see developing at their expansion joint over time.

If you want to seal your floor using a 100% solids epoxy use Epoxy.com Product #899 – www.epoxy.com/899.aspx for sealing the concrete. Epoxy.com also has a wide variety of shop floor coatings and trowel down systems. Contact Epoxy.com Technical Support Department with your specific needs for a recommendation.

Repairing Random Cracks in Floors with Methyl Methacrylate

Random cracking in plant / shop floors can easily and economically be repaired with Epoxy.com Product #685 Liquid MMA Polymer Crack Repair Resin a penetrating gravity feed crack healer for concrete. It is a two component Methyl Methacrylate resin system that polymerizes in place. The extremely low viscosity will penetrate into concrete cracks as fine as 0.003 inches. Epoxy.com Product #685 welds the crack back together making the concrete as strong as it was before it cracked.Repairing a Shop / Plant Floor with Epoxy After it is Damaged.

For those who have already built their buildings you can still fill all the joints especially in the traffic areas with Epoxy.com Product #11 – www.epoxy.com/11.htm. Filling the joints with Epoxy.com Product #11 will prevent additional potholes from forming in areas where there are none yet. To fill the “potholes” in level areas you will typically want Epoxy.com Product #25 – www.epoxy.com/25.htm. Epoxy.com Product #25 is a 100% solids epoxy resin and specially selected aggregate system. Units are preproportioned for ease of mixing and use on the jobsite. Epoxy.com Product #25 is a flowable, self-leveling grout, with handling and physical characteristics superior to similar grouts. Epoxy.com Product #25 is conveniently packaged and makes “pothole” repair in your shop/plant floor quick, easy, and economical. The Epoxy.com Product 25 is the best material when you are looking for a convenient packaging and is easy to use for small jobs.

For larger projects or surfaces that have a slope so you cannot use a self leveling material should use Epoxy.com Product #10 – www.epoxy.com/10.aspx and Epoxy.com Product #82 Mortar Blend Aggregate. With the right mixing equipment you can put up to 100 pounds of #82 into 1 mixed gallon of Epoxy.com Product #11. That gives you a nice stiff mix, and excellent economy. Epoxy.com Product #10 is a low-mod material, with high strength. That makes it perfectly suited for outdoor patching. Epoxy.com Product #10 is the best material for most large jobs.

If you cannot allow overnight for your epoxy patching material to cure you will want to use Epoxy.com Product #680 Polymer Concrete. Product #680 is a methyl methacrylate reactive resin concrete used for repair of concrete structures with a minimum of downtime. Epoxy.com Product #680 develops strength rapidly. Epoxy.com Product #680 Polymer Concrete can be put in service in as little as one hour even at temperatures below freezing. The Epoxy.com Product #680 polymer concrete produces extremely high strengths and is chemical resistant. Epoxy.com Product #680 is prepackaged for easy mixing and placing at the job site. Epoxy.com Product #680 Polymer concrete cures hard in about 1 hour, allowing for quick turnaround of the area being patched. Epoxy.com Product #680 is the best material when you need the patch to set in about an hour.

If the concrete has a lot of pitting in it, you can apply a “scratch-coat”. A “scratch-coat” is done as follows:

1. Carefully measure epoxy resin and hardener. Mix for 3 minutes.

2. Add aggregate to the mixed resin and hardener above, and mix completely.

3. Pour out the epoxy resin hardener and aggregate blend onto the concrete.

4. Then pull a very tight troweled coat over the entire surface, filling the low spots while scraping as much epoxy resin and aggregate material as possible away from the high spots.

The material for a “scratch-coat” is with Epoxy.com Product #10 – www.epoxy.com/10.htm and Epoxy.com Product #78 Self-Leveling filler. Epoxy.com Product #10 and Product #82 mortar blend aggregate is the best blend for building ramps and smoothing uneven transitions between slabs.

Just because your floor is already damaged by chemicals, doesn’t mean it is too late. Most floors can be saved with proper patching (as
discussed above) and a chemical resistant flooring system installed over the patching system. Contact Epoxy.com Technical Support for assistance.

Additional Related Reading

The installation of these materials above are beyond the scope of this page. Here are some areas to explore this in more detail:

Do with Epoxies

Don’ts with Epoxies

Surface Preparation

Chip Flooring Installation Guide

Coating Installation Guide

Coatings Calculator – for roller applications

Links to popular systems used in residential and commercial construction resin work


Air Plane Hangers and Garages

Coating Systems

Outside Decks and Drive Ways

Product Catalog

Bonding Systems

Waterproofing

Chips Flooring


Why Use Epoxy.com Products in “Green” Buildings?

August 20, 2012

110614_2044_EpoxyChipFl10.pngEpoxy.com’s 100% solid products (which are most of our product line) are included in many “Green” buildings. The logic for that is this:

1. Epoxy.com 100% solid products have  no VOCs. So you are reducing the carbon emissions.

2. Typical Epoxy.com 100% solid systems have done their job for decades, and there is no reason to believe they will not last for decades more. I personally have jobs that I installed with them that go back as much as a third of a century, that are not even starting to show signs that they will need replacement. That is the ultimate in reuse.

3. There is no need to recycle a product that can be reused for decades, but you can use recycled materials like glass aggregate in the epoxy matrix.

Epoxy.com encourages our customers to order material as they need it and to use all their materials before their expiration. That is why we do not require large stocking orders from new dealers, like most other companies. We want our customers to use up material they buy from us and not have any for it run out of shelf life. However, if Epoxy.com products do run out of shelf life, they are typically mixed and cured before disposal as is consitered in under most if not all local regulations as inert as common trash.

You can find more information about Epoxy.com Zero (0) VOC products at: https://www.epoxy.com/zero_voc.aspx

www.epoxy.com – Epoxy.com Home Page.

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