Repairing Floors with Epoxy Mortar Resin

August 8, 2014
epoxy-Deck-after-2

Epoxy Patching Mortar #10 for patching. Coated with Urethane Decking System #495.

Epoxy.com Product #10 is a versatile resin for use in epoxy floor patching. Product #10 comes in standard cure, fast cure and cold cure. It can be used with 3 different aggregates: self leveling, mortar blend, and broadcast aggregate. Product #10 is available in 15 colors plus black and white making a total of 17 colors available. Custom colors are available at a small additional cost.

The Epoxy Cures

Normal Cure at 77 degrees F. has a pot-life (the usable time after mixing) of about 30-40 minutes. It hardens to the touch in about 10-12 hours. Normal Cure should never be used below 50 degrees F.

Fast Cure at 77 degrees has a pot life about 15-20 minutes. It hardens to the touch in about 5-6 hours. At 50 degrees F the Fast Cure hardens to the touch in 10-12 hours. In other words the Fast Cure at 50 degrees will cure as fast as normal cure at 77 degrees F.

Cold Cure at 77 degrees F. has a pot-life of about 8-10 minutes. It sets hard to the touch in about 2.5 to 3 hours. At 50 degrees F the cold cure will typically cure in 5-6 hours. It is able to cure at temperatures as low as 35°F.

The Aggregates

The aggregates come separately from the Product #10 resin and hardener. That allows you to be able to use a unit of resin with multiple aggregates making the system even more versatile.

Mortar Blend Aggregate Product #82 is the work horse of floor patching. You can get up to 50 lbs or more of Product #82 into a mixed gallon of #10 epoxy mortar. This is ideal for deep patching.

Self Leveling Filler Aggregate Product #78 is used for self leveling applications, typically in thicknesses of 1/16 inch plus or minus. This is ideal where a thinner flat overlay is required. A typical use would be where a floor needs to be leveled. Another typical use would be for a “scratch coat” which is where you are trying to cover large amounts of chips and divots in the floor.

Broadcast Aggregate Product #77 is broadcast into wet #10 in order to produce an anti-skid surface. It can be broadcast into a neat coat (just the resin and hardener mix without the aggregate) of #10 or into the Mortar Blend Aggregate or Self Leveling filler systems above.

In addition to being able to mix the #10 with the fillers above, you can also mix it with Product #71 Fumed Silica to make a paste for cracks and other small imperfections.

 

In summary the Epoxy Mortar Resin Product #10 is a versatile epoxy mortar system available in many colors, several cures and different fillers for different purposes. This makes Product #10 an important part of your floor repair tool chest.

 

Additional Information:

Product #10 Lo-Mod Epoxy Adhesive and Mortar Epoxy Binder is a 100% solids epoxy has a low modulus of elasticity (flexibility) and is Low Viscosity. An adhesive used as a binder for epoxy mortar systems in patching and grouting applications, as a seal coat for non-skid surfaces outside, and as a primer to insure high bond strength for coatings and patches.

System #495 Elastomeric Polyurethane Traffic Membrane System– is an Elastomeric Urethane Membrane System, that is liquid applied. System #495 Elastomeric Polyurethane Traffic Membrane System is seamless, elastomeric (flexible), and UV. Thee qualities make it an excellent choice for outside applications in direct sun and weather, where water tightness, durability, and excellent appearance is required. Its elastomeric properties will allow horizontal movements up to 1/8 inch without breaking. System #495 Elastomeric Polyurethane Traffic Membrane System has excellent abrasion and chemical resistance. The surface of System #495 Elastomeric Polyurethane Traffic Membrane System can be varied to achieve the required anti-skid and decorative look.


Waterproof Your Life

August 7, 2014

The Concept

About 20 years I had a half way house that came to me and wanted a virtually indestructible waterproof group bathroom. They needed it to be like a shower enclosure for the entire bathroom, and toilet facility. It needed to be easy to thoroughly clean and disinfect.

The resulting system allows you to hose down the entire ceiling, wall and floors. The system that we developed is a completely seamless, waterproof ceiling and coating system. This epoxy ceiling and wall coating is seamlessly integrated with a seamless flooring system. This system is now being used for everything from clean rooms to animal facilities to car washes, daycare centers, assisted living facilities, food processing facilities and more.

The System

Ceiling and Walls

Prime the ceiling and walls with Epoxy.com Product #899 Primer – www.epoxy.com/899.aspx. Product #899 Primer is a 100% solids, low viscosity, moisture tolerant epoxy. It soaks deeply into the substrate, verifies surface preparation, and helps to prevent the much thicker coating from getting bubbles that may be cause by air or moisture trying to escape from the substrate during curing. Allow primer to get hard to the touch.

Before the epoxy primer is 24 hours old (and after the primer is hard to the touch) apply a coat of Epoxy.com Product #1W. The 1W – Wall Coating is 100% solids. It comes in a range of different colors. This means it is zero (0) VOC with no solvent. Just like the 899 Primer the 1W has very little odor. We have even more chemical resistant wall coatings for applications where it is chemicals that are being splashed or sprayed. Contact us if you have strong chemical exposures that you want to contain instead of water.

Let the first coat harden to the touch and before 24 hours add another coat of #1W. Allow the coating to dry over night.

Seamless Epoxy Cove – Optional

Typically the cove is only installed if you are going to install one of the multi-colored flooring systems (Waterproof Floor Options 2 & 3below). Cove is covered in an earlier blog – https://news.epoxy.com/2014/06/25/seamless-epoxy-cove-installation-instructions/. The cove gives you a radius at the bottom of the wall making the floor to wall transition easy to clean and esthetically pleasing.

Seamless Epoxy Flooring System

There are multiple systems that you can use for your seamless flooring portion of the system.

Water Proof Floor Option 1 – Seamless Epoxy Floor coating:

Floor Coating Systemwww.epoxy.com/1.htm. Product #1 applies with the Product #899 primer under it and in 2 coats just like the 1W. The Product #1 is thinner and flattens better on a floor than the Product #1W. You can also add an optional anti-skid to the #1 Floor Coating. The #1 comes in all the variety of colors of #1W.

Waterproof Floor Option 2 – Seamless Epoxy Chip Flooring:

Chip Flooring Systemwww.epoxy.com/chip.aspx is a two component 100% Chemical Resistant Epoxy Chip Flooring. System #315 Seamless Epoxy Multi-Colored Chip Flooring is available in virtually limitless color combinations. If your job is big enough our chips can be pigmented to match all the colors of many major paint companies. We can color match our base coat colors as well. Unless the pigments for your custom colored 315 Basecoat are unusually expensive we can color match for a modest small batch charge or at no charge for larger orders. Even our standard color pallet offers you over 45 chip colors that can be blended in any combination and percentage as you want. This gives you the architectural choices you need. The top coating for this system is highly UV resistant so since it doesn’t chalk indoors it can last and look great for decades.

Waterproof Floor Option 3: – Seamless Epoxy Quartz Flooring:

Quartz Flooring System with Product #15 – www.epoxy.com/15.aspx – is also an excellent flooring system for those who like the colored sand look with a good midrange chemical resistant system.

Waterproof Floor Option 4 – Seamless Chemical Resistant Flooring:

We can also help you to combine the systems above with our Novolac Epoxy Systems – www.epoxy.com/novolac.aspx for highly chemically resistant versions of those systems. You can also install an Electro-Static Dissipative or Conductive system www.epoxy.com/conductive.aspx.

 

In conclusion the systems above are only a small fraction of the possibilities. With our wide range of colors and chemically resistant systems the possibilities are endless. Please contact Epoxy.com Technical assistance at 352-533-2106 or email me directly at norm@epoxy.com.


Seamless Epoxy Cove Installation Instructions

June 25, 2014
Epoxy cove detail

Epoxy Cove Detail. Click image above to enlarge.

One of the unique advantages of seamless flooring is the ability to build an integral cove base. This integral cove allows you to create a virtual bathtub or shower base out of your seamless floor. Building this cove was a difficult job until the introduction of Epoxy.com Product #720 Coving Gel – www.epoxy.com/720.aspx. The coving gel is mixed with special fillers to create an easy to install custom built floor to wall base cove.

Advantages of a Cove Base

  • Prevents water from going under the walls
  • In chemical containment applications contains the chemicals to the coved area
  • Makes it easy to clean and disinfect the edges of the floor
  • Does not allow bacteria or insects to hide under the wall
  • Gives the floor an attractive professional seamless look
  • Required by government officials in many food and pharmaceutical applications

Step 1, Surface Preparation

All high quality installations begin with proper surface preparation. The substrate must be clean, solid and porous. The substrate must be free of paint, sealers, oil, grease or any other contaminants that will interfere with the soaking in of the epoxy primer – www.epoxy.com/surfaceprep.aspx. Be sure the floor and wall in the areas near the cove are clean. That will help prevent dragging dirt and other contamination into the cove and make the tape to mask the cove stick better.

Step 2, striking a line

Cove is typically installed at 4 inches high, but specialty applications may be as little as 2 inches or as much as 6 or 8 inches or even more. Once you know the height of the cove it must be decided if the top of the cove will follow the contour of the floor or be level on the top. Most floors look best with a level top to the cove.

Strike a line with a laser level or a chalk line. Mask with a strong firmly bonding tape like duct tape. Be sure it is pressed down and securely stuck to the wall.

Step 3, priming

Make a small batch of Product #899 primer. Apply the primer on to the area to receive cove. This application is typically done with a brush or mini roller. It is important not to put the primer on too thick or it will run. You just need to have enough primer to give the surface to receive the cove a wet look.

If you have a very porous substrate and the primer soaks in and doesn’t look wet, a second coat of primer may be required. A typical substrate that will sometimes need a second is sheetrock. If a second coat if primer is required it can be put on before the first coat has hardened. Remember never to wait more than 1 day before recoating any epoxy.

Step 4, mixing the cove material

After the primer gets tacky and before the primer gets tack free (not sticky to the touch) you will need to install your #720 cove mix. If your primer becomes hard before you start troweling up you cove you must prime again. Colored quartz has different coving batch formulations than other seamless flooring types. Be sure to consult www.epoxy.com/720.aspx, for more information about cove mixes.

Step 5, troweling up the cove

Using a margin trowel “rough in” the cove mix material onto the wall where the cove is going. Be careful not to lift the tape creating the top seal in the process. Smooth the cove to shape using a cove trowel.

After the cove starts to get slight stiff it is time to make a final pass at smoothing the cove with your coving trowel. Be sure not to wait too long or the tape will be difficult to impossible to remove. Be sure to keep your trowel clean so it doesn’t drag the epoxy cove material and make it rough again.

A few drops of a dish washing detergent (like Dawn) in warm water make a great way to clean your trowel and slick up the cove. Use a rag to clean the cove in the water. Remove the cove trowel from the water and remove the excess water. Then return to slicking down your cove.

Once the cove is smooth enough, remove the duct tape, carefully. Remove the tape at an angle pulling the bottom first so the excess coving material on the tape stays on the tape and does not fall onto the cove. If pieces do fall on the cove gently remove the pieces and gently smooth out the damage.

Use our margin trowel to smooth the top of the cove where you just removed the duct tape. Use the warm water and dishwashing detergent to keep your trowel clean and slick the top of your cove.

Clean the excess material off from the bottom edge of your cove, unless you have already done this earlier.

Step 6, sealing the cove

After the coving material has hardened overnight, inspect and lightly sand out any minor imperfections.

Apply appropriate sealers (listed below). When in doubt, contact Epoxy.com Technical Support. Apply coating/sealer over the cove by brush and/or squeegee. Be sure that you do brush out or squeegee out any runs. Keep going back and checking for runs until satisfied that the glaze (top coating / sealer) will not run.

  1. Quartz coves are sealed by applying Epoxy.com Product #15 – www.epoxy.com/15.aspx.
  2. Pigmented Epoxy Coatings, use the same material that you are using on the rest of the floor.
  3. Chip Flooring.
  4. Apply Epoxy.com Product #315 Top Coating by brush over the cove mix.
  5. Then broadcast the cove into the wet material. If you are careful you can push the chip up into the coating with your hand or a piece of cardboard or similar material.

Step 7, install your floor

Install your floor in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations.

Seamless epoxy chip flooring with seamless cove

Seamless epoxy chip flooring with seamless cove


Take your Pet to Work Week

June 13, 2014

 

Two Canine Members of the Epoxy.com Office Staff.

Two Canine Members of the Epoxy.com Office Staff.

Take your pet to work week is June 16-20. Take your dog to work day is June 20th

Every day is “take your pet to work day” in the offices of Epoxy.com. We believe the bond between pet and owner is a special one. Pet owners who have their pet with them during the day at work (in a pet safe environment) don’t have to worry about how their pet is doing at home alone. Besides the owners of the company want to take their pets to work with them so it is only fair.

Epoxy Products for Pet Facilities

 

Epoxy.com products have been used successfully for decades in pet intensive areas. Epoxy.com Product #2 – www.epoxy.com/2.aspx is used by the US Department of Homeland Security for Canine Training Facilities and Kennels. Product #2, Epoxy.com Quartz Flooring – www.epoxy.com/15.aspx and Epoxy.com Chip Flooring – www.epoxy.com/chips.aspx are being used extensively in:

epoxy_walls_dog_wash

Dog Wash Room at Swannee River Rendezvous Campground. Product #1W on the Walls. Epoxy.com Chip Flooring on the floors.

  1. Veterinary Hospitals
  2. Vet Operating Rooms
  3. Kennel Facilities
  4. Do-it-yourself Pet Washing Area
  5. Pet Grooming Shops
  6. Pet Day Care Centers
  7. Pet Boarding Facilities
  8. Dog Walking and Training Facilities
  9. Private Homes, where pet friendly is a priority
  10. And More

Epoxy.com Product #2 and Epoxy.com Chip Flooring are easy to clean, and easy to disinfect. They typically are applied with just enough anti-skid so the animals don’t slip. Even with the anti-slip properties they are still mop-able and easy to clean.

Order your Epoxy.com Product for your pet area, and authorize the order between June 15th and June 20th and receive 5% of the cost of your Epoxy.com Topcoat. To get this discount you must mention “Take Your Pet to Work Week Special”.

 

 

 

 


%d bloggers like this: